Upholstery Different Fabric Materials
 


Types of Fabric


 

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Name

Description

Acetate

Silk like fabric often used for linings. Colourfast and shrink resistant. This is a fibre, either triacetate or diacetate.

Acrylic

Soft warm and durable, often used for knitwear. Won't shrink. This is a fibre.

Angora

Very soft hair from a rabbit or goat made into hats scarves and jumpers. Will malt onto other clothing. This is a fibre but it can be mixed with other fibres such as nylon for effect or strength.

Astrakhan

Lambs skin or simulated lambs skin. Wool fibre or acrylic.

Bonded Fabric

Looks like tissue but may be much finer. Used as interlining to stick fabrics together and stiffen fabrics. Can be any fibre but normally would be heat resistant.

Batiste

Very light fabric. Cotton or linen. Many fibres often using a metallic thread.

Braid

Decorative edging used on some garments.

Brocade

Very heavy fabric often velvet with metal thread and raised flower or leaf designs. Acetate, cotton, silk viscose or mixture.

Broderie

Lacy fabric with open embroidery. Cotton or polyester/cotton mix.

Buckram

Stiff harsh fabric often used as stiffening in curtain tops. Cotton or linen heavily stiffened.

Calico

Generic term for medium weight cotton. Cotton.

Cambric

Lightweight loosely woven fabric most often used for handkerchiefs. Cotton or linen.

Camel Hair

Wool fabric taken from a Camel, coarse hairs from the top and fine hairs from the belly. This is a fibre.

Candlewick

Tufted fabric with pile. Mostly cotton but can be nylon, polyester, viscose, acetate.

Canvas or Duck

Very stiff fabric used for tents, handbags etc. Cotton.

Cashmere

Fine wool from the cashmere goat. Is a wool fibre.

Cavalry Twill

Firm fabric where the weave gives lines in a diagonal pattern. Often used as riding breeches and hard wearing trousers, raincoats, etc. Wool, Cotton or man-made fibres.

Cheesecloth

Very light loosely woven fabric. Cotton.

Chenille

Soft velvety fabric often used in knitwear. Cotton, viscose, wool or silk.

Chiffon

Very soft gauze-like fabric often used in party type dresses. Silk, viscose, acetate.

Chintz

Fabric with pattern and shiny glaze often used in furnishing or colourful clothing. Cotton.

Corduroy

A ribbed fabric where the ribs are formed by cutting yarns to show the ends of the fibres, similar to velvet. Cotton, cotton/viscose or cotton/polyester.

Cotton

Shirts, dresses, furniture and almost all other types of garment or household furnishing can be made of cotton. This is a fibre.

Crepe

Cloth made from a highly twisted yarn giving a wrinkled or puckered appearance. Most often wool.

Crepe de Chine

A finer high twist yarn as above. Silk, viscose, acetate or polyester.

Damask

Shiny surfaced material made with satin and sateen type weave in patterns made especially for table cloths. Linen, silk or synthetic.

 
Denim

 
Jeans material, indigo died. Cotton.

Dralon

Brand name for acrylic fibre. See Acrylic.

 
Faille

 
Fine soft fabric with ribs in the weft direction (across the fabric). Used to be silk, now may be manmade fibres or synthetics.

Felt

Matted appearance very soft, often used for card tables and baize on snooker tables. Must have some form of hair fibre in it, commonly wool, but may have
mixed fibres.

Flannel

Loose weave woolly finish, appears to be felted surface. Wool.

Flannelette

Soft cotton appearance often used in night gowns. Cotton in the warp direction and soft cotton in the weft.

Flock Fabric

Fabric where fibres have been stuck on to a base giving a velvet pile. No specific fibres are used.

Foulard

Lightweight twill fabric often printed. Originally silk but may be acetate.

Fur Fabric

Fur simulation fabric in varying designs and colours replicating animal fur.
Nylon, polyester, acetate, viscose or acrylic.

Gabardine

Used for raincoats and sportswear, a strongly woven fabric with diagonal twill ribs. Wool worsted, cotton or some manmade fibres.

Georgette

Sheer fabric with crepe like yarn of high twist but finer material. Wool, cotton, silk or manmade fibres.

Gingham

Finely checked or striped fabric. Cotton.

Glass Fibre

Fine glass filaments. Glass.

Grosgrain

Fine fabric with ribs running across. Silk, viscose, acetate.

Hessian

Coarse fibre like sack cloth. Jute.

 
Jersey

 
Finely knitted fabric normally used for knitwear or T Shirts. Wool, silk, cotton, viscose, acetate or nylon.

Kapok

Fine cotton like material waterproof light and fluffy. This is a fibre from the Kapok tree.

Lace

Delicate open mesh or net that can be made into a pattern by knitting. Cotton, polyester, nylon, or mixture.

Lame

General name for fabrics containing metallic threads, originally gold and silver lame. Must be a mixture together with metallic fibre.

Lawn

Very fine normal woven material. Cotton, linen, Poly/cotton or viscose mixtures.

Linen

Similar to cotton but normally of finer quality as the fibres are longer. Flax (linen).

Metallic Yarns

Shiny yarns that look like they have metal running through. Plastic coated aluminium mixed with other fibres.

Modacrylic

Similar to acrylic material but less strong. This is a fibre.

Mohair

Fine wool from the angora goat gives a shiny appearance. This is a fibre.

Moire

Ribbed and corded fabric with a ripple effect (like water marking). Silk, acetate, polyester.

Muslin

Very loosely woven  fabric normally used to mop baby milk. Cotton.

Net

Most common form is curtain nets but all will be of similar design with larger or smaller net. Cotton, nylon, polyester.

Nylon

Smooth fibre with good stretch properties and that doesn't take in much water. This is the fibre known as polyamide.

Organdie

Stiff transparent delicate fabric. Cotton or nylon.

Organza

Dress fabric both fine and stiff like chiffon. Silk, nylon, viscose.

Pique

Plain weave fabric with sunken lines around cords. Cotton.

Polyester

Strong smooth fabric that now can be used in many forms, often the material of football shirts and is the micro-fibre in fleece garments. This is a fibre.

Poplin

Cotton type fabric with ribs across. Cotton, viscose, silk or wool

PVC

Often rubber looking material. Chloro-fibre, polyvynil-chloride.

Rayon

This is the US term for viscose. See viscose.

Sateen

Very smooth but normally dull appearance to this fabric. Will be seen on all satin fabrics as the reverse side from the shiny side. Silk, cotton, polyester, nylon
or acetate.

Satin

Shiny side of the sateen fabric normally used in fine fancy dress wear. Silk, cotton, polyester, nylon or acetate.

Seersucker

Fine material with puckered stripes or checks. Cotton, silk, nylon, polyester.

Serge

Strong twilled material used for suits. Mostly Wool and wool mixtures.

Shantung

Coarse silk fabric with slabs. Mostly tussah silk but can be polyester or nylon.

Silk

Soft fabric with lustrous look that does not contain heat and is therefore good for hot climates. This is a natural fibre.

Taffeta

Crisp smooth fabric with a slight rib running across. Silk, polyester, acetate or nylon.

Terylene

This is a generic name for polyester. Polyester.

Ticking

Used for pillows and duvets and mattress covers. Cotton.

 
Toweling

 
As the name implies used for towels and dressing gowns extensively. Cotton or polyester/cotton mix.

Triacetate

Silky smooth fabric often used as lining and party type dressing. Manmade fibre.

Tricot

Knitted fabric. Viscose, nylon, polyester.

Tulle

Very fine soft netted fabric in a hexagonal shape. Silk, cotton, viscose or nylon.

Tweed

Coarse heavy weight fabric used for outer garments. Wool, wool/nylon or wool/polyester mixes.

Velour

Heavy fabric with a pile. Acrylic, may be other fibres.

Velvet

Lustrous material with rich pile normally in vivid colours, used extensively for party wear and curtaining. Originally silk, but can be cotton, nylon, viscose or
polyester.

Vicuna

Often made into blankets with a coarse look and feel. Hair from a vicuna lama.

Viscose

May be similar to cotton but can be made very lustrous and is often used for ladies suits, dresses etc..  Manmade fibre regenerated from cellulose.

Viyella

Generic name for this mixture of fibres. Mix of wool and cotton.

Voile

Light weight see through fabric often used for shirts, blouses and net curtains. Cotton, viscose, nylon or polyester.

Winceyette

Soft fabric with pile one side often used for children's and women's night wear. Cotton, wool/cotton blend or viscose.

Wool

Soft fabric with many uses and looks from fine knitwear to coarse coats. Hair from sheep, goats or camels.

 

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Upholstery different fabric materials